.... : ...  

 

15-09-2003 12:01

12-09-2003

. (Westminster) . .

. . .

. (Dame Silvia Cartwright) . .

. . . . .

120 . ɡ . . ʡ ʡ .

. ( ) 18 . . . (Labour Party) 1916 . (Helen Elizabeth Clark) . (Bill English) 1936 . . (New Zealand First) (Act New Zealand) (Green Party) (United Future) (Progressive Coalition) .

. (MMP) . . (FPP) .

. . 7 . . .

%10 12 . 2002 %45 . 52 . 2 . .

60 120 . 61 120 .

. .

. (Jonathan Hunt) .

:

Pears L. (1996) . Everything you need to know under MMP: New Zealand's electoral system